An ancient Thai civilization, Kanchanaburi is best known for it's more recent history when, during World War II the Japanese Imperial Army began construction of the infamous "Death Railway" which included the Bridge Over The River Kwai. In total, over 100,000 POW's lost their lives building the railway, tunnels and the famous bridge. Visit to the Thailand-Burma Railway Centre, where interactive exhibits, short films and clear descriptions provide the context of the Japanese aggression in Southeast Asia, detail their plans for the railway and describe the horrors faced by those prisoners who worked and died constructing it. Next to the TBRL, you'll find the Don Rak war cemetery and memorial site. Continue to the Bridge over the River Kwai. The bridge on the River Kwai has gained International fame from the film version of the novel. The Imperial Japanese Army ordered the black railway bridge to be brought to Kanchanaburi by the POWs from Java as part of the so-called Death Railway. After lunch in a local restaurant, enjoy a train ride in the VIP wagon along part of the "Death Railway" through magnificent scenery and passing over the dangerous looking wooded viaduct built along the mountain-side.